Much of typical education rotates around the belief that intelligence is a single entity. IQ scores are still being tested for and outcomes can affect students’ educational opportunities. However, IQ tests examine mostly mathematical, linguistic and visual-spatial intelligences.
An increasing number of researchers believe there are a multitude of intelligences. Each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints and these vary within individuals.
Therefore the educational setting needs to offer a multitude of learning situations, so that children can develop through their strong characteristics and simultaneously find themselves in situations in which they can develop skills that do not come spontaneously.
As the person matures, one finds that the different intelligences rarely operate independently. They are used at the same time and tend to complement each other as people develop an array of skills. Being able to use one’s strong intelligences and develop skills of the other intelligences helps a persons to become flexible and adaptable. It assists in logical thinking, looking at issues from several points of view thus resulting in creative thinking and functional problem solving processes.
This chapter discusses some aspects of the development that are innate for some and need to be consciously or unconsciously developed by others.